How To Install Latest WordPress on Rocky Linux 9

In this tutorial, we’ll learn how to install the latest version of WordPress using Rocky Linux 9. Before doing this tutorial, you’ll need a domain name and Linux server with Rocky Linux 9 installed. It’ll take maximum 30 minutes to finish this tutorial, so stay tuned and take the necessary food and drink to accompany your journey.

At the time of this tutorial, we’ll use these versions.

MariaDB 10.5.x
PHP 8.0.x
nginx 1.20.x
WordPress 6.2
Rocky Linux 9.1

We put this information just for reference, even if yours will be newer than that it’s okay and it should work.

Prequsition Packages

To make the installation process more smooth, we’ll install some dependencies first, so we won’t encounter any issues later in the process.

sudo dnf install wget curl nano tar -y

Setup DNS

We’ll need to set up the A record on the domain/subdomain pointed to the server’s public IP address. For reference I’ll show the screenshot how to do it on Cloudflare, my DNS provider
cloudflare A record

Keep Rocky Linux Up to date

Keep your server up to date, by running this command. If a new kernel is available, restart the server to use the latest kernel version.

sudo dnf update -y

if you’re coming from Ubuntu/Debian distro, that command equivalent to sudo apt update; sudo apt upgrade -y

Install PHP

Install PHP with modules. This command will install the PHP including the necessary PHP module that need by WordPress and it’s plugins

sudo dnf install php php-json php-xml php-mysqlnd -y

edit file /etc/php-fpm.d/www.conf, replace

user = apache
group = apache


user = nginx
group = nginx

we need to use nginx user and group, because in Rocky Linux the nginx application uses them by default.

restart and enable PHP-FPM on boot

sudo systemctl restart php-fpm
# enable on booting
sudo systemctl enable php-fpm

Install MariaDB Server

Rocky Linux 9 had Mariadb 10.5.x in the repository, we’ll use that version for our WordPress installation.
mariadb 10.5 install rocky linux
start MariaDB Server and enable it on boot

# start mariadb server
sudo systemctl start mariadb
# enable mariadb on booting
sudo systemctl enable mariadb

Create database

Create a new database for our WordPress, for the database name using the domain name. For example


by using this database name schema we know the database belongs to which domain/WordPress, which makes the maintenance much easier.

# login to MariaDB as admin
sudo mysql
# example: create database blogatetuxcom;
# create user and password for database
# example: GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON blogatetuxcom.* TO "blogatetuxcom_user"@"localhost" IDENTIFIED BY "sW9EnAuAChrruxWCghx7y";

create database and user rocky linux 9

Setup WordPress

It’s a bit boring to download WordPress from, make the necessary changes to the config file, and then run the installation UI. To speed-up the process let use wp-cli. It let us to setup the WordPress in seamless way

sudo curl -o /usr/bin/wp
sudo chmod +x /usr/bin/wp

verify the wp-cli

wp cli version
# output
WP-CLI 2.7.1

wp-cli version rocky linux

We’ll use /var/www/ directory to store our WordPress installation, for our case we’ll use /var/www/

sudo mkdir /var/www/

Give permission to nginx user to able read and write to /var/www and its subdirectory

sudo chown nginx:nginx -R /var/www

Download the latest WordPress version and install it to /var/www/

sudo -u nginx wp core download --path=/var/www/

download test wordpress version

Update the database configuration for WordPress, this command will create wp-config.php file

cd /var/www/
sudo -u nginx wp config create --dbname=DATABASE --dbuser=DATABASEUSER --dbpass=PASSWORD --dbhost=localhost

create wp-config from command line

Finally setup the WordPress

sudo -u www-data wp core install --url= --title="Atetux Superblog" --admin_user=atetuxadmin --admin_password=hY3TTsXkiMxbhwybwAnb --skip-email

don’t worry about the SSL, we’ll setup it up later in the nginx.

install wordpress success
set the password as secure as possible, because we’ll use that credential to login to our WordPress site.

Setup nginx Webserver

Install nginx from Rocky Linux repository

sudo dnf install nginx -y

tweak nginx config, by replace /etc/nginx/nginx.conf with following code

user nginx;
worker_processes auto;
error_log /var/log/nginx/error.log;
pid /run/;
# Load dynamic modules. See /usr/share/doc/nginx/README.dynamic.
include /usr/share/nginx/modules/*.conf;
events {
    worker_connections 1024;
http {
    log_format  main  '$remote_addr - $remote_user [$time_local] "$request" '
                      '$status $body_bytes_sent "$http_referer" '
                      '"$http_user_agent" "$http_x_forwarded_for"';
    access_log  /var/log/nginx/access.log  main;
    sendfile            on;
    tcp_nopush          on;
    tcp_nodelay         on;
    keepalive_timeout   65;
    types_hash_max_size 4096;
    client_max_body_size 10M;
    include             /etc/nginx/mime.types;
    default_type        application/octet-stream;
    gzip on;
    gzip_min_length 100;
    gzip_comp_level 6;
    gzip_vary on;
    gzip_disable msie6;
    gzip_proxied expired no-cache no-store private auth;
    # Load modular configuration files from the /etc/nginx/conf.d directory.
    # See
    # for more information.
    include /etc/nginx/conf.d/*.conf;
    include /etc/nginx/sites/*.conf;
    server {
        listen       80;
        listen       [::]:80;
        server_name  _;
        root         /usr/share/nginx/html;
        error_page 404 /404.html;
        location = /404.html {
        error_page 500 502 503 504 /50x.html;
        location = /50x.html {
        location ^~ /.well-known/acme-challenge/ {
            default_type "text/plain";
            root /var/www/ssl;

We set the maximum upload file to 10 MB, if you need more, adjust the client_max_body_size variable
verify there’s no issue with nginx config

sudo nginx -t
# output
nginx: the configuration file /etc/nginx/nginx.conf syntax is ok

restart nginx and enable at boot

sudo systemctl restart nginx
# enable on boot
sudo systemctl enable nginx

for each domain, we’ll put the nginx configuration in /etc/nginx/sites/DOMAIN.conf

Generate SSL

To generate SSL we’ll use

curl | sh

reload ~/.bashrc before we are able to run command

source ~/.bashrc

Before generating the certificate we need to do some preparation, so it’ll run smoothly.

sudo mkdir -p /var/www/ssl/.well-known/acme-challenge
# set the permission to current user
sudo chown $USER:$USER -R /var/www/ssl

generate the certificate for the domain name --issue -d --webroot /var/www/

generate certificate for wordpress blog

Setup Nginx Config for WordPress

Create a new block server for our domain at /etc/nginx/sites/, with following code

server {
    listen 80;
    server_name DOMAIN;
    return 301 https://$server_name$request_uri;
server {
    listen 443 http2 ssl;
    ssl_certificate /home/$USER/;
    ssl_certificate_key /home/$USER/;
    root /var/www/DOMAIN;
    index index.php index.htm index.html;
    server_name DOMAIN;
    location / {
        try_files $uri $uri/ /index.php?$args;
    location ~ \.php(?:$|/) {
        try_files $uri =404;
        fastcgi_split_path_info ^(.+\.php)(/.+)$;
        include fastcgi_params;
        fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME $document_root$fastcgi_script_name;
        fastcgi_param PATH_INFO $fastcgi_path_info;
        fastcgi_param HTTPS on;
        fastcgi_param modHeadersAvailable true;
        fastcgi_pass unix:/run/php-fpm/www.sock;

nginx config specific wordpress

The last thing we do after the setup is to open our domain to verify everything works as expected
wordpress setup successfully
Go to the login page https://DOMAIN/wp-login.php
login to our brand new wordpress
we're login as admin wordpress

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